Shelter and Settlements
In the early stages of an emergency, shelter, is a critical determinant of survival, along with water supply, sanitation, food and healthcare. Shelter plays an essential role in reducing vulnerability and building communities’ resilience.
We consider that shelter is not just a matter of building a ‘product’ – but rather a ‘process’ whereby people can improve their own homes, and engage to create a safe and secure environment. The ‘sheltering process’ is a continuum between humanitarian action and long term development, and must include other essential facilities such as social & education services, access to market and responsible use of natural resources. The B.R.A.C.E Team will be working to improve housing structure for a safer environment for all.
Examples of typical collective housing clusters where several family units share a common area within a defined perimeter often enclosed by improvised various fences with retrieved building materials. An example of one of the housing structures supported by Habitat for Humanity to improve the conditions of targeted vulnerable family units(Bottom Left Corner).
A common characteristic of the informal clusters that the families construct the living units with whatever available material they have access to and in the absence of wellplanned housing units as well as the planned use of the space around it taking into account the needs of proper access, water and sanitation services, as well as ongoing transport communication requirements. In the case of Portmore, it is clear that the informal settlements are often back-to-back to the more developed residential areas.
COMMUNITY RESOURCE CENTER HEADQUARTERS, TO BE REFURBISHED